site2preview. Auto login to external website If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. We can use a button to link different pages. Tools & Java Library used in this example Google Chrome Browser - Network tab to analyze HTTP request and response header fields. log('Hello, Console!') into your JavaScript. init() call in the basic setup code:. Microsoft To Do. Alex wants to automate the process of logging into a website automatically using Excel VBA. When a visitor to your page clicks the associated text, he or she will jump to that link. Whenever our users logon for the day and browse to the intranet site, the embedded Yammer feed displays a big logon button. getElementById() method. - lynks Oct 12 '11 at 21:08. What is Minify and When. What I'm just looking for is a script that will login automatically then proceed with the conditions that I have on next phase. Below is where you can find the latest releases of all the Selenium components. Enjoy the benefits of Luxura. Modern web browsers, which adhere to common display standards, support. We have converted a key business process that used to take us 2 ½ weeks per month into a process that runs nightly enabling accuracy and speed to market for a product that enables our customers to save money. Every week we dedicate this space to one who ticks all our boxes: brilliant portfolio, consistent high quality, great user feedback and more. Frequently Asked Questions • Do I need my unlimited tag number to cancel my plan or update my credit card on file?. Automatic HTML Login using POST Method – Auto login a Website on Double Click. site2preview. For example, when the user clicks a button, the JavaScript will redirect the user to the location selected in the drop down select menu. Tools & Java Library used in this example Google Chrome Browser - Network tab to analyze HTTP request and response header fields. It is easy for machines to parse and generate. Permissions. About JavaScript Preprocessors. At the server you check the cookie and if it matches then you login the user. Most of us who develop Web Applications would have used an IFRAME during some stage of our lives. If you feel that is not the case for your application, then don't implement auto logins. External users must accept sharing invitations using the same account that the >invitations were sent to I always check this option and helps in governance. I want to have a link from my webste to log in to that site without giving username and password to my users. The majority of websites use it, and all modern web browsers support it without the need for plugins. A safer option might be to redirect the website with JavaScript. The key difference between a library and a framework is "Inversion of Control". Only use the USB device once? On the Web, the website is gone once you closed tab. So if you now want to, say, add all internal employees to your SharePoint site, all you have to do is add that domain group to a site. com - 邱大・髫應コ磯亟繧オ繝励Μ繝ゥ繝ウ繧ュ繝ウ繧ー・懷哨繧ウ繝溘〒莠コ豌励・繧ケ繝・0繧貞セケ蠎墓ッ. What I'm just looking for is a script that will login automatically then proceed with the conditions that I have on next phase. site2preview. Even if I copy the formula into a new cell, the data is still not re-imported. Hi, I have built an MVC 1. it's checking against a list of websites and sends email (to list of emails) whenever something wrong (http response different from 200). com - 繝ェ繝阪ャ繝医↓縺セ縺 蜃コ縺吶↑・・シ溷・縺吝燕縺ォ遏・縺」縺ヲ縺翫″縺溘>・薙 縺. Fixes an issue in which a credential prompt is always displayed when you try to access external web services in Skype for Business Server 2015. The FullCalendar Approach. Whenever you "mousedown" anywhere in the site, and the target of the "mousedown" is an a-element with no mailto or javascript in the href attribute, check if it is link to an external page. External scripts are practical when the same code is used in many different web pages. How to Automatically Log In To an ASP. Then in the Login tab, click on the Authentication mode drop-down menu and select Form. If you are building a web app, the easiest way to authenticate your users with Firebase using their Facebook accounts is to handle the sign-in flow with the Firebase JavaScript SDK. Hi pyk, If you're looking for help on setting a PC up to automatically login a user at startup, try here. wp-smiley, img. Creating Secure Web Pages and Forms: What You Need to Know Fred is a busy small business CEO. link to email H aving a link that allows visitors to send email from your website can be a great addition to your site, making it easy for your visitors to send questions or comments. Often you may want to debug client-side JavaScript running on an external development web server, for example powered by Node. The element either contains script statements, or it points to an external script file through the src attribute. Again, sites that use these types of security assume the value of the data they are protecting and the added convenience to the user out weigh the potential risk of a hijacked session. To see why this might be attractive, take a look at the example. See a full list here. Web Essentials extends Visual Studio with a lot of new features that web developers have been missing for many years. (If you want to authenticate a user in Node. site2preview. Of course if this is a banking level site, than auto login isn't an option. When you press F5 to build and debug your web application, it will display a login screen where you will see that no external authentication services have been defined. This is a simple to use, self-contained website slideshow utility. log('Hello, Console!') into your JavaScript. com - 辭溷・ウ蛟カ讌ス驛ィ縲千・螂ウ繧オ繝ウ繝励Ν蜍慕判髮・ ・/title> img. We will start with the beginnings of web development, and go all the way to modern asynchronous pattern examples. You can find beautiful themes for just about any sector, service integrations, payment providers, shipping methods, social media, marketing, accounting, reporting, sales as well as language packs. Every now and then, I get a question from one of my visitors at thesitewizard. refresh this is not responsible for the content of external sites, nor is it responsible for the URL's users decide to auto refresh. site2preview. This is particularly important as network analysis tools in browsers such as Chrome do not accurately show all network interactions, such as, favicon. Hi, AhhYep How can I automatically populate the external site's username and password fields and then automatically submit the form? That means the user enter the username and password and then click the login button, the username and password will be post to the ftp site, the ftp site will estimate whether the username and password is right. Let’s build a web application which lets you retrieve up to date information for any crypto currency. temp file to "remember" which website(s) failed at last check so you won't get multiple emails. Further Reading The Installing grunt guide has detailed information about installing specific, production or in-development, versions of Grunt and grunt-cli. Use these Upfront XML elements in Upfront XML commands. susukinoizakayalabo. Is there any solution which can help to auto login remote site when l. I was hoping that someone might be able to provide a few lines of code that would automatically log the user out after 20 or 30 minutes of inactivity. External JavaScript file. Then why use a JavaScript check too? The JavaScript check is very useful in addition to the CGI check because it can catch mistakes before the form is actually sent to the. Try it here: » Pop it The HTML for that link simply called the function with the URL. JavaScript is a useful way to open a link in a new window because you control how the window will look and where it will be placed on the screen by including specifications. This method is also useful for capturing static data from a web site. Here is a simple Login page (Crunchify-LoginPage. founded the company in 1929, our goal has been to make tire shopping convenient for our customers. Every company with a website uses npm, from small development shops to the largest enterprises in the world. From the term "automatic login" I suppose security (password protection) is not of key importance here. site2preview. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. Javascripts include rotating images and banners, popup java-scripts, timer and clock javascripts, frame and window java scripts and more. Using headers() method, you can easily transferred to the new page without having to click a link to. What if you want to login to a website by filling Username/Email and Password automatically? Well, there is a simple solution to that. Using Protocol Relative URLs to Switch between HTTP and HTTPS February 10, 2010 in HTTPS , HttpWatch , Internet Explorer Attempting to use HTTP resources on an secure web page is a guaranteed way to annoy IE users , because it generates a confusing security warning for anyone running with the default IE settings. Log into your Wix account. You can find more details on working with external data sources in the Get external data from a Web page article on the Microsoft Office web site. The iframe requests would contain a GET variable with the credential, which the external site could then echo back as a cookie. 0 Information about latest version of Internet Explorer and above at resolution 1024 X 768. To link to an external JavaScript file, you add a src attribute to the HTML tag and specify the location of the external JavaScript file. We recommend Highslide JS for anyone who wants to shine!. site2preview. How to add "Everyone except external users" domain group to a SharePoint site. Again, sites that use these types of security assume the value of the data they are protecting and the added convenience to the user out weigh the potential risk of a hijacked session. While other elements of HTML gives style and meaning to your website, an HTML form adds interactivity. If you have ever used the iframe tag you will know what I mean. Handle the sign-in flow with the Firebase SDK. Malfunctioning code harms the whole computer. The form is part of a partial view, so there is a brief message that said "Connecting to site" while the post is done. io solves this with ease. understand your concerns about the security of online transactions. In this article I will explain explained how to permanently keep User Logged in for long period even when browser closed and automatically login the User back when he visits next time using Forms Authentication and Cookies in ASP. I am able to auto-login using the the settings from "Internet Options" which is what controls Chrome and Internet explorer. w3schools. NetObjects Fusion website design software is the all-in-one solution. net offers free cut and paste javascripts. by Tom FitzMacken. This returns the HTML of the web. site2preview. Web developers often log messages to the Console to make sure that their JavaScript is working as expected. 1 project and I want it to act the same way Sharepoint does. Read-only elements are described as showing rather than specifying information. Build more meaningful and lasting relationships and connect with your customers across sales, customer service, marketing, communities, apps, analytics, and more using our Customer Success Platform. Sounds you want to login to someone else's site and fill out the form automatically. I have to suspect that you know about that when you create the external URLs, but you might have an instructional designer that designs the courses for you so you may not have known about it. This comes in handy when you’re reusing your existing website and want to host it on a kiosk, but want to automate the login process. CSS3 supports external style sheets. sociedadcolombianamastozoologia. Redirect to another page in my site after submitting a form? Is there a way to automatically redirect my visitors to a different page in my site after they have filled out and submitted a form? I don't want the page to go to the generic 'Thank you' message, but instead automatically go to a different page. Actually, I´m not trying to access any external resources in fact, I just want to embed any website page within the iframe tag but my problem is that the website is not being displayed in the iframe. Video LightBox JS is a free wizard program that helps you easily embed video to website, web page or blog, in a few clicks without writing a single line of code. The external web only reveives by POST. But to send binary data by hand, there's extra work to do. Bookmarklet Creator with Script Includer - Peter Coles. At Auto Trader we’re passionate about helping our customers to become more successful every day. site2preview. Auto-Login from external site Last Modified: Nov 6, 2013, 4:25 pm If an external site should redirect the client to DirectAdmin, but you don't want the account to enter a user/pass for this redirection, you can create a hidden form, and use JavaScript to submit it automatically. This article assumes you have some basic knowledge of how USB works. NetObjects Fusion website design software is the all-in-one solution. How to stop Auto Login in Internet Explorer Our group just got a new computer with Internet Explorer 8. The element either contains script statements, or it points to an external script file through the src attribute. I want to Create a button once i click it The user canlogin automatically login certain website like "Facebook" by stored user name and password in text file I make search and came up with this simple code but it not work!! can any one Explain the problem!!. org - 繧ヲ繝・ラ繝・ャ繧ュ縺ョ逍大撫隗」豎コ・・/title> img. The user signs in with an external service, such as Facebook, Microsoft, or Google. By mkyong people could disable Javascript and see your site's source code. Is it possible to get the login page on the bottom page and input the user name and pasword automatically so that it calls the logged in page( the form of the log in page ) ? how can I do that with ajax ? is there any. If the stylesheet you link to has the file extension of a preprocessor, we'll attempt to process it before applying. Another solution to the problem is to keep scripts in external documents and refer to them with the src attribute. If you are building a web app, the easiest way to authenticate your users with Firebase using their Facebook accounts is to handle the sign-in flow with the Firebase JavaScript SDK. username and password, As user clicks on login button, JavaScript validation function comes into act. 0 is the integration of the WebDriver API. Website Auto Login for Chrome Have also tried saving passwords for websites etc. Get a free 3-year education license now. Can display images, HTML elements, SWF movies, Iframes and also Ajax requests; Customizable through settings and CSS. The majority of websites use it, and all modern web browsers support it without the need for plugins. site2preview. This method is a shortcut for. w3schools. Avoid frequent hand-editing of JSON data for this reason. From travel and insurance to fraud protection, AARP has you covered. Get Started → Release Note (v7. Site Maintained by Tata Consultancy Services Ltd. stdemetriosmaine. Microsoft To Do. I can build you a script that mimics that exact Facebook auto-login script, but I guarantee you that it will not work because GMail's authentication process is very different and relies on client-side dependencies (Javascript), which is why it would work in. In your Web session - General tab - enter your web browser URL. If you want one or more additional permissions, call FB. Move faster, do more, and save money with IaaS + PaaS. NET, JavaScript, and C++. site2preview. If we are running a web hosting company, obviously we will add WHMCS portal in the form of iframe (to avoid editing WHMCS template files to match our site branding and navigation) in our website. While other elements of HTML gives style and meaning to your website, an HTML form adds interactivity. In your Web session - General tab - enter your web browser URL. Example of server-based login with PhoneGap by Raymond Camden on November 10, 2011 | Comments I got a comment about a few things on this blog post and thought I'd do a quick edit. Auto login to external website If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. If you haven't done so already, make sure your Python script is saved in the same location as the chromedriver. Are you eligible for pre-qualified credit card offers? There's no impact to your credit score to find out now. Actually, I´m not trying to access any external resources in fact, I just want to embed any website page within the iframe tag but my problem is that the website is not being displayed in the iframe. I have a link when i press the link it goes to a website and automatically fll the username password fields and automatically submit the button and move to logged page of that website i use windows. The majority of websites use it, and all modern web browsers support it without the need for plugins. Add Video, 2. Nowadays almost all web pages contain JavaScript, a scripting programming language that runs on visitor's web browser. Trying to create a auto login for the page below but haven't had any luck any ideas how? Code: img. The JavaScript alert box is useful for alerting your users to something important. This sample shows you how to enable users to sign in with their Microsoft account using the ASP. Script to open web browser, go to webpage and login - posted in Ask for Help: I would like to have a script that on execution, would open a web browser, go to a specific website and log me in with my username and password automatically. NET Identity system. Please only consider my previous post if what you wanted was to create something to login to external pages like Facebook. site2preview. org - 繧ヲ繝・ラ繝・ャ繧ュ縺ョ逍大撫隗」豎コ・・/title> img. Java allows you to play online games, chat with people around the world, calculate your mortgage interest, and view images in 3D, just to name a few. Sounds you want to login to someone else's site and fill out the form automatically. JavaScript, also abbreviated to JS, is a programming language used in web development. 0 is the integration of the WebDriver API. In this article, we are going to explore the evolution of JavaScript around asynchronous execution in the past era and how it changed the way we write and read code. Hi pyk, If you're looking for help on setting a PC up to automatically login a user at startup, try here. I am able to auto-login using the the settings from "Internet Options" which is what controls Chrome and Internet explorer. And navigate to www. Automatic HTML Login using POST Method – Auto login a Website on Double Click. Get one-click HTML, CSS, SEO, spelling, accessibility, mobility (Android/iOS), JavaScript linting, and link checking with CSS HTML Validator for Windows. There are three major parts to this Web page and script: A. Can anyone help me figure out how to automatically login to an external website that's embedded in an iframe in my shiny app, and then pass in values to a javascript file? I'd like to allow users to click on a row of a datatable, and then send the id of the object in that row to an external website that will allow them to view a picture of the. When I logon to the RD Web page, and again to RD Gateway, I -have- to enter domain\username to authenticate. It uses a combination of simulated keystrokes, mouse movement and window/control manipulation in order to automate tasks in a way not possible or reliable with other languages. The external web only reveives by POST. Of course if this is a banking level site, than auto login isn't an option. Get to know this week's web designer. I am able to auto-login using the the settings from "Internet Options" which is what controls Chrome and Internet explorer. If you are designing a website, then you can find all the resources you need for webmasters and web developers such as free scripts, web tools, programming tutorials, web design and applications, clipart images, web icons etc. site2preview. An iframe is a section of a web page where the content of another web page can be published. ico requests. com, outlook. Im looking at Automation Anywhere and they want $3600 and it just doesnt seem to work. I can build you a script that mimics that exact Facebook auto-login script, but I guarantee you that it will not work because GMail's authentication process is very different and relies on client-side dependencies (Javascript), which is why it would work in. • JavaScript has become a powerful web application, which has been used to add animation, site navigation, fill in forms and even create games. But if your site isn't completely served with https everyone who can listen to the traffic can pretend to be the user. Do you want to minify files on your WordPress site? Minifying your WordPress CSS and Javascript files can make them load faster and speed up your WordPress site. Let's build a web application which lets you retrieve up to date information for any crypto currency. founded the company in 1929, our goal has been to make tire shopping convenient for our customers. At the server you check the cookie and if it matches then you login the user. Just put a URL to it here and we'll apply it, in the order you have them, before the CSS in the Pen itself. Select Preferences from the drop-down menu. Learn the technical skills you need for the job you want. Use these Upfront XML elements in Upfront XML commands. For the most part, I always tell you to place the JavaScript you want to run directly on the page it will run on, and that rule still holds true for more involved JavaScript. We will start with the beginnings of web development, and go all the way to modern asynchronous pattern examples. Select Template, 3. Just put a URL to it here and we'll apply it, in the order you have them, before the CSS in the Pen itself. Praised as the best free webmaster resources online, by our users. NET MVC site, and I did something like you did, that is, I built a form and then submitted it with Javascript. If you like to embed another website into your web page, your best bet is an IFRAME tag also known as an Inline Frame. When you register with an external login provider, you don't have a password registered with the app. And now, it's connected to the Adobe Document Cloud − making it easier than ever to work across computers and mobile devices. You can apply CSS to your Pen from any stylesheet on the web. By mkyong people could disable Javascript and see your site's source code. link to email H aving a link that allows visitors to send email from your website can be a great addition to your site, making it easy for your visitors to send questions or comments. Furthermore, I have also installed an extension in Google Chrome that auto-refreshes the page every hour. Using Protocol Relative URLs to Switch between HTTP and HTTPS February 10, 2010 in HTTPS , HttpWatch , Internet Explorer Attempting to use HTTP resources on an secure web page is a guaranteed way to annoy IE users , because it generates a confusing security warning for anyone running with the default IE settings. Mrm Blk 739 var watchlist_url = "https://sg. When you enqueue script that is dependent on jQuery, note that the jQuery in WordPress runs in noConflict mode, which means you cannot use the common $ alias. Sounds you want to login to someone else's site and fill out the form automatically. Google Analytics lets you measure your advertising ROI as well as track your Flash, video, and social networking sites and applications. I have to suspect that you know about that when you create the external URLs, but you might have an instructional designer that designs the courses for you so you may not have known about it. Hello, world! This part of the tutorial is about core JavaScript, the language itself. site2preview. Web Essentials extends Visual Studio with a lot of new features that web developers have been missing for many years. The JavaScript check only works when the user has JavaScript enabled. The form is part of a partial view, so there is a brief message that said "Connecting to site" while the post is done. Tools & Java Library used in this example Google Chrome Browser - Network tab to analyze HTTP request and response header fields. Then in the Login tab, click on the Authentication mode drop-down menu and select Form. load website = show a website embeded in my own page. 11 steps to add javascript to Wix websites. The above applications are supported by back end applications and programs. Use these Upfront XML elements in Upfront XML commands. We have an embedded Yammer feed on our SharePoint 2013 intranet page. 05/11/2019; 4 minutes to read +8; In this article. Every week we dedicate this space to one who ticks all our boxes: brilliant portfolio, consistent high quality, great user feedback and more. com - the #1 traffic exchange network - can generate a swarm of targeted traffic to your site. Please review its terms, privacy and security policies to see how they apply to you. jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. Loved by developers and trusted by enterprises. While other elements of HTML gives style and meaning to your website, an HTML form adds interactivity. Enjoy the benefits of Luxura. AutoIt v3 is a freeware BASIC-like scripting language designed for automating the Windows GUI and general scripting. By Valeriy Novytskyy and Rick Anderson. It became more robust with DHTML and AJAX. Web developers often log messages to the Console to make sure that their JavaScript is working as expected. If the external login provider is unavailable, you won't be able to sign in to the web site. Any HTML element can receive this event. Select Template, 3. This is not meant to be an extensive resource on APIs or REST - just the simplest possible example to get up and running that you can build from in the future. The common method to auto login a user is to set an cookie with an random string. wp-smiley. Payroll, HR and Tax Services | ADP Official Site Skip to main content. In addition to that we'll also be exploring the potential fallbacks you can put in place when JavaScript is disabled, the SEO impact of using JavaScript for redirection purposes and alternative solutions. site2preview. How can I automatically login to captive portals on OS X? A captive portal is used by (often not password-protected) wireless networks that present a web page as soon as you connect to them, requiring you to login. Learn JavaScript or free with our easy to use input output machine. Java+You, Download Today!. We will connect the url of the new page to the onclick event of the button. html file on your Desktop or convenient location and put below content. If you merely copy and paste data from a web page to Excel, you sometimes find the entire row of data is in one. log all outbound requests so it is possible to visualise all interactions (for example from a browser) to external services. Another thing worth mentioning at this point is that events are not unique to JavaScript — most programming languages have some kind of event model, and the way the model works often differs from JavaScript's way. partslink24 - The original parts portal. But do not know how to paint. js, JavaScript can be used to build full-stack web applications. Re: Auto login to external website If you look at your original post, you will see that the form is calling the JavaScript function named glue(). site2preview. NET - because it has the browser component that is leveraging the Internet Explorer. The external web only reveives by POST. If you do not want to save the user name and passwords for the websites you visit in the internet explorer, you may have to disable the autocomplete feature in the internet explorer settings, follow the steps below to disable the autocomplete feature:. The ECMAScript 6 introduces major update to the language. When a user add/create or edit an item, SharePoint will display something like "Last modified at 1/1/2008 by Tobias Zimmergren" like the following pic:. jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. CSS3 supports external style sheets. Are you eligible for pre-qualified credit card offers? There's no impact to your credit score to find out now. Check this script. NET - because it has the browser component that is leveraging the Internet Explorer. Description: A simple login and password script. This minifier removes whitespace, strips comments, combines files, and optimizes/shortens a few common programming patterns. JSON is a data-interchange format with syntax rules that are stricter than those of JavaScript's object literal notation. site2preview. NET IdentityASP. Autologon enables you to easily configure Windows' built-in autologon mechanism. same look it not work with external. But do not know how to paint. From the term "automatic login" I suppose security (password protection) is not of key importance here. radiosupergold. If you feel that is not the case for your application, then don't implement auto logins. For example, open Firefox browser, go to Gmail website, and log me in. Use these Upfront XML elements in Upfront XML commands. js extension. vbs > then go through the procedures once logged in. stdemetriosmaine. Common uses for JavaScript are image manipulation, form validation, and dynamic changes of content. Of course if this is a banking level site, than auto login isn't an option. Login form plays a key role in website development, which authenticate user access to other resources. site2preview. FancyBox is a tool for displaying images, html content and multi-media in a Mac-style "lightbox" that floats overtop of web page. What is Minify and When. In today’s post, I’ll provide an overview of proxy-related information, including information on changes in Internet Explorer 11 / Windows 8. Common uses for JavaScript are image manipulation, form validation, and dynamic changes of content. If the external login provider is unavailable, you won't be able to sign in to the web site. What if you want to login to a website by filling Username/Email and Password automatically? Well, there is a simple solution to that. If you're talking about automatically logging in to Power BI, the best I could do was make sure that the box was checked to remember the user's password when initially logging in. The above applications are supported by back end applications and programs. wp-smiley. Dealer Portal provides one log in point for all trade customers to access any of our products. The majority of websites use it, and all modern web browsers support it without the need for plugins. To facilitate the use of the Automatic login, we will use the Form authentication to enable the Autofill and the Html Control ID tabs. How to automatically login into a web page. Here is the function of Web Automation, you can try by writing the function below with your parameter, then click run and see what happen, notes some function need authentication to work like function number: 59 to 64, rest of another function, you don't need to login. Hello, world! This part of the tutorial is about core JavaScript, the language itself. Angular and Ember) tend to be packages of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other technologies that you install and then use to write an entire web application from scratch. Have you ever wanted to automatically login to a web page? This trick will work for a large number of web sites which have a login and password field contained within a form. There is an automated demo included at the bottom of the page. Again, sites that use these types of security assume the value of the data they are protecting and the added convenience to the user out weigh the potential risk of a hijacked session. this keeps the information within the form but doesn't log them automatically in. See If You're Pre-Qualified. Add this snippet after the FB. And navigate to www. By default, calling FB. I have an existing remote site which has Authentication to access, now I want to combine this site in my own site using iframe. Are you eligible for pre-qualified credit card offers? There's no impact to your credit score to find out now. The JavaScript alert box is useful for alerting your users to something important. site2preview. Re: Automatic Login into a website in C#. log statements to log the response to CloudWatch, in case we need it to debug our code, and then finally we generate the speech response for the user through this. Imagine if a web site could get access to your stored passwords or other sensitive information, and log into websites as if it were you? Despite the limitations, Web APIs still give us access to a lot of functionality that enable us to do a great many things with web pages. Something to note is that when a user is granted access to a site, a new item will be created in the User Information List storing some information about the user. *** I'm trying to do the following.